Terrestrial Super-Earth GJ 1252 b

65光年外的超热“超级地球”系外行星可能没有大气层

陆地超级地球 GJ 1252 b

地球超级地球 GJ 1252 b 的示意图,它距离地球约 65 光年。 图片来源:NASA/JPL-Caltech

GJ 1252 b 是一个多岩石的陆地“超级地球”,于 2020 年被发现。天文学家给出了

系外行星
系外行星(或系外行星)是位于我们太阳系之外的行星,围绕太阳以外的恒星运行。 第一次疑似科学发现系外行星发生在 1988 年,第一次确认发现是在 1992 年。

“数据-gt-翻译-属性=”[{” attribute=””>exoplanet a closer look and found that it could have a very minimal atmosphere or possibly no atmosphere at all.

The planet, which orbits an M-type star, is “the smallest exoplanet yet for which we have such tight constraints on its atmosphere,” said lead author Ian Crossfield. He is an astronomer and assistant professor at the University of Kansas.

Super-Earths are a class of planets unlike any in our solar system. They have a greater mass than Earth but are no more than 10 times its mass. This means that they are more massive than Earth yet lighter than ice giants like

GJ 1252 b isn’t much larger than Earth. However, it is much hotter as it is closer to its star. Also, as astronomers discovered in this study, it is lacking much of an atmosphere.

“We’re just beginning to learn how often, and under what circumstances, rocky planets can keep their atmospheres,” said astronomer and study co-author Laura Kreidberg, the director of the Atmospheric Physics of Exoplanets (APEx Department at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy. “This measurement is an indication that for the hottest planets, it’s unlikely that thick atmospheres typically survive.”

To determine what the exoplanet’s atmosphere (if there is one) could be like, astronomers measured infrared radiation from GJ 1252 b as its light was obscured during a secondary eclipse. These observations revealed the planet’s scorching day-side temperature, which is estimated to reach as high as 2,242 degrees

Given its extreme temperatures and low surface pressure, the astronomers on this team have predicted that GJ 1252 b likely has no atmosphere at all. This is currently the smallest exoplanet for which scientists have such a clear idea of its atmosphere.

Fun Facts

GJ 1252b is an exoplanet that was first detected with TESS and then investigated more thoroughly with Spitzer before the telescope’s mission ended in 2020. With further exploration using the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), the researchers could put even tighter constraints on this planet’s atmosphere, an exciting possibility.

“At the time, Spitzer was the only facility in the known universe that could make these sorts of measurements. Now, Spitzer has been turned off, but JWST is there and at these wavelengths, it’s much more sensitive than Spitzer was. So, what we did with difficulty with Spitzer we can now start to do easily and for larger numbers of rocky planets with JWST,” Crossfield said.

“JWST observations in the infrared have the potential to reveal the surface properties of hot, rocky planets like this. Different types of rock have different spectral signatures, so we could potentially learn what type of rock GJ 1252b is made of,” Kreidberg added.

Studying GJ 1252 b further with JWST poses an exciting possibility for scientists, as it would be interesting to confirm an atmosphere on such a small and hot exoplanet as it would also be fascinating to explore the composition of a planet like this with no atmosphere at all.

A team at the University of Kansas, led by Crossfield, led this study which discovered strange new details about the atmosphere of GJ 1252b.  The study, published in the Astrophysical Journal Letters.

Reference: “GJ 1252b: A Hot Terrestrial Super-Earth with No Atmosphere” by Ian J. M. Crossfield, Matej Malik, Michelle L. Hill, Stephen R. Kane, Bradford Foley, Alex S. Polanski, David Coria, Jonathan Brande, Yanzhe Zhang, Katherine Wienke, Laura Kreidberg, Nicolas B. Cowan, Diana Dragomir, Varoujan Gorjian, Thomas Mikal-Evans, Björn Benneke, Jessie L. Christiansen, Drake Deming and Farisa Y. Morales, 23 September 2022, Astrophysical Journal Letters.
DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac886b

Additionally involved in this paper were researchers from the University of California, Riverside,


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